Psychologist Donald Hoffman claims reality is not as it seems. A computer image isn’t that but 1’s and 0’s, similarly we don’t perceive the actual. We have always wondered who or what created the universe. He claims consciousness creates it, a quote “Conscious realism makes a bold claim: consciousness, not spacetime and its objects, is fundamental reality and is properly described as a network of conscious agents.”

Matter exists as the stage for communication between conscious agents. The world is an epiphenomenon of consciousness. We make sense of life through seeing, hence a world of objects. Human perception is primarily visual. He subscribes to Monist theory in which the material world exists because of consciousness.